Project web site
This project at Rukinga, Kenya, has been operating since 2005 protecting local wildlife and forests. Its aim is to bring the benefits of direct carbon financing to surrounding communities, while simultaneously addressing alternative livelihoods. Human-wildlife conflict has been a problem in the past, as local agents are reliant on flora and fauna as a means for subsistence. The Rukinga project directly addresses such sources of conflict in a holistic, sustainable approach. An additional goal is to secure a contiguous wildlife migration corridor between Tsavo East and West National Parks.
The primary driver of deforestation is conversion of forest to cropland for annual crops, typically maize, as evidenced by the substantial conversion to maize in the Reference Area during the Reference Period. The primary agents of deforestation are a growing population of local Taita and Kamba people living in the Reference Area. Agriculture in the reference and leakage areas is permanent and cultivation activities do not shift.
The land within the project area has been tropical dryland forest1 for at least 20 years and has been a
primary forest in its current state since recorded times. The Project Area forest has an average canopy of 39% and mature tree height of 5-10m, and therefore has qualified as forest as defined by FAO 2010, or that of the definition of forest set by the residing designated national authority (DNA) (10% canopy, 4m height) for the project country for a minimum of 10 years prior to the project start date (VCS, 2008)
No biomass is harvested for use in long-lived wood products in the project area under the with-project scenario. Therefore, carbon sequestered in long-lived wood products under the project during any monitoring period may be accounted for as zero.
The project is located in a semi-arid tropical region.
The primary agents of deforestation are local Taita and Kamba peoples, with a small minority of other tribes who moved in during the El Niño rains of the mid 1990s, when the land was still sparsely populated, or to work as herders for the former cattle operations. Tribal mobility for farm land in Kenya is very low, as Kenya’s population is relatively high everywhere that leakage could potentially shift, and the population in the Reference Area outside of the Project Area, and the proposed Phase II Project Area is high. There exists no opportunity for the agents of deforestation to shift their activities outside the leakage area.
The project is not mandated by any enforced law, statute, or other regulatory framework.
The project area does not contain organic or peat soils.
A wide range of project activities have been implemented to mitigate deforestation by addressing the agents and drivers of deforestation.